Roya Kazemi and Seyed J. Hosseinimehr* Pages 72 - 75 ( 4 )
Objective: Pioglitazone (PG) is used to control high blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. PG acts as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonist. In addition to the insulin-sensitizing effect, PG possesses anti-inflammatory effect. In this study, the protective effect of PG was evaluated against DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation in healthy human lymphocytes.
Methods: The microtubes containing human whole blood were treated with PG at various concentrations (1-50 μM) for three hours. Then, the blood samples were irradiated with X-ray. Lymphocytes were cultured for determining the frequency of micronuclei as a genotoxicity biomarker in binucleated lymphocytes.
Results: The mean percentage of micronuclei was significantly increased in human lymphocytes when exposed to IR, while it was decreased in lymphocytes pre-treated with PG. The maximum reduction in the frequency of micronuclei in irradiated lymphocytes was observed at 5 μM of PG treatment (48% decrease).
Conclusion: The anti-inflammatory property suggested the mechanism action of PG for protecting human lymphocytes against genotoxicity induced by ionizing radiation.
Anti-inflammatory, DNA damage, micronucleus test, pioglitazone, radiation biology, radioprotective.
Department of Pharmacy, Ramsar Campus, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Ramsar, Department of Radiopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari