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Pathophysiology of Atherosclerotic Plaque Development

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Andrea Rognoni, Chiara Cavallino, Alessia Veia, Sara Bacchini, Roberta Rosso, Manuela Facchini, Gioel G. Secco, Alessandro Lupi, Federico Nardi, Francesco Rametta and Angelo S. Bongo   Pages 10 - 13 ( 4 )

Abstract:


Cardiovascular diseases and in particular coronary atherosclerotic disease are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the industrialized countries. Coronary atherosclerosis has been recognized for over a century and it was the subject of various studies. Pathophysiological studies have unravelled the interactions of molecular and cellular elements involved in atherogenesis; during the last decades the basic research has focused on the study of the instability of atherosclerotic plaque. Plaque rupture and resulting intracoronary thrombosis are thought to account for most acute coronary syndromes including ST – segment elevation myocardial infarction and non ST – segment elevation myocardial infarction. This is a brief review of the pathophysiology of atherosclerotic plaque development.

Keywords:

Acute coronary syndromes, atherosclerosis, medical therapy, stable plaque, vulnerable plaque.

Affiliation:

Coronary Care Unit and Catheterization Laboratory, “Maggiore della Carità” Hospital, Corso Mazzini 18, 28100 Novara, Italy.



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